The "Black Stump" is in the Australian State of New South Wales (NSW).

"This side of the Black Stump" and "The other side of the Black Stump" are Australian colloquial expressions for a place at a great distance.

In "Tall Bronzed and Handsome" Colin Sinclair says, "It is generally conceded that no Australians live on the other side of the Black Stump - but other people might.

The Shire of Coolah published that there is evidence of several Wayside Inn's in their Shire. These were needed by travellers along their long road routes.

The best known was the "Black Stump Wine Saloon" situated near the Gunnedah Road, six miles north of Coolah. It was a staging post for Northern NSW. Its importance resulted from its position at the junction of the old coach roads. It was also a resting place on the old Sydney stock route before passengers entered the rough country on the last leg of their journey.

The position of the Inn is clearly marked on the old NSW Land Department maps, and like many a 'pub' before and since, it became the hub from which men dated their journeys and gauged their distances.

The saloon was named after the nearby 'Black Stump Run' and 'Black Stump Creek', both of which delivered their names from the local saying of "Beyond the Black Stump".

In 1826 Governor Darling proclaimed "limits of location" or 'boundaries' "beyond which land was neither sold nor let" nor "settlers allowed".

The boundary was located in 1829 as being the northern side of the Manning River up to it's source in the Mount Royal Range and then by that range and the Liverpool Range westerly to the source of the Coolaburragundy River, then along the approximate location of the Black Stump Run, then in a south-westerly direction to Wellington.

"Land north of this location was referred to as land "beyond" and the use of the word "beyond" can be found in the Government Gazette of 19 January 1837.

It is understood that the "Black Stump Wine Saloon "was erected in the 1860's. The centre was then a small settlement possessing its own race track. The saloon was destroyed by fire in 1908.

©Copyright March 30, 2004 by Colin F. Jones

Page Updated: Tuesday March 6, 2012
Contact Webmaster: